What are Measles? – Symptom, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Vaccine
Measles – Humans are among the most vulnerable creatures in the world. We are known to develop thousands of diseases, and they can start even before birth. Some of these diseases are severe, while others cause discomfort for some days.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States also acknowledged the probability of hundreds of different diseases in the early stages of life. That is why the CDC suggests everyone get their kids vaccinated with different vaccines.
Measles is one of the most common diseases of childhood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States suggest a vaccine to prevent the infection if you have decided not to vaccinate yourself or your kid with the Measles vaccine.
We will talk about everything regarding measles starting from its basics to treatment and other guidelines.
What are Measles?
Measles is a childhood disease that is caused by infection. Viruses are known to cause the disease to live in the mucus of the nose and throat. A few decades ago, measles was one of the most common diseases in kids, but with the help of vaccines, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have almost prevented the probability of the disease.
It Is easy to spread a virus that can live on non-living things for more than 2 hours. Even though health experts around the world have been doing a great job of reducing the number of people with the disease, more than 200,000 people are losing their lives due to measles.
Health experts in the United States believe that people who have not been vaccinated with the measles vaccine are much more vulnerable to developing the disease if they come in contact with someone who is already infected.
Symptoms of Measles
To understand any disease in the world, you should learn about its symptoms. It should be your first thing as it will help you in the diagnosis so that later you can get the right treatment.
Unlike most diseases, Symptoms of measles usually happen over 2 to 3 weeks in 2-3 different stages. Measles is also known to have an incubation period where you won’t experience any signs or symptoms associated with the disease even if you have been infected with a virus.
The whole time frame of the incubation period for measles is going to last between 10 to 14 days. Most people are going to develop symptoms associated with the disease within the first 10 days, but some can even experience it after the 14th day.
- High fever
- Runny nose
- Red eyes
- Sore throat
- White bumps in the mouth
These are among the most common symptoms of measles. Apart from that, you might also experience a red bumpy rash on your body. Usually, this Rash starts at the airline, and it is going to spread to your torso through your neck.
Eventually, the rashes are going to spread throughout your whole body, and it can also spike the fever to as high as 105 Fahrenheit. After some days, the rash will fade away, and your body will calm down.
If you are experiencing measles, then you should know that you are contagious and you can spread it to others. You should also avoid meeting anyone immune compromised. Measles spreads quickly and easily, and you should be aware of spreading it.
What are the Causes of Measles?
Before we move ahead and talk about the treatment and diagnosis of measles, let’s take a quick look at all the courses of the same. One of the biggest problems with measles is that it spreads rapidly, and you should be very careful if you have not been vaccinated with measles.
Healthcare experts around the world believe that measles can travel through coughs and sneezes. If you are getting close to anyone who is experiencing the symptoms of measles, then make sure you are using the right protection.
Another thing that is very important to learn about measles is that it can stay on any non-living surface for up to 2 hours. If you want to ensure your safety around people who are struggling with measles, you should make sure you are following the right protocol of using face masks and hand sanitizer.
- People who are not vaccinated with measles are much more vulnerable to developing measles.
- At the same time, youngsters and pregnant women are also very vulnerable if they are not vaccinated with the measles vaccine.
- If you have traveled outside the country, you should consult about the probability of measles with your healthcare provider.
- If you live in a society or community where most people are not vaccinated with the measles vaccine, then you should also consult about the probability of disease with your healthcare provider.
Diagnosis of Measles
Due to its unique characteristics, you might be able to diagnose yourself at home for measles. Still, every health expert in the world will suggest you consult the diagnosis with your healthcare provider as soon as you learn about it.
Your healthcare expert is going to use a combination of tests to diagnose measles. At the same time, Kumar, your health care expert, will also ask you about your history with measles and the measles vaccine.
As the United States does not record many cases of measles, there is a high probability that your healthcare provider might suggest you take some laboratory-based tests to rule out any other probability of similar diseases.
There are different laboratory-based tests that can help your healthcare provider in the diagnosis of measles. You might have to take blood, urine, and other types of tests.
Despite all the unique characteristics and easy-to-detect nature, We highly recommend everyone visit their healthcare provider for the diagnosis of measles.
Treatment of Measles
Before we move ahead and wrap this session up, let’s take a quick look at the treatment options for measles. One of the major drawbacks of the infection of measles is that there is no specific treatment available for the condition.
Yes, viral infections are not sensitive to antibiotics, and healthcare experts do not have any specific treatment for the condition.
The only good thing about the treatment of measles is that the symptoms associated with the conditions are going to disappear within a few weeks. When you contact your healthcare provider for the treatment of measles, your healthcare expert is going to use a combination of treatment options for the same.
- First of all, your healthcare expert might suggest you get yourself vaccinated as early as 72 hours after exposure.
- At the same time, healthcare experts might also suggest you take some fever-reducing medicine, as fever is among the most severe symptoms associated with the condition.
- You might also have to consume plenty of fluids on a regular basis to stay hydrated.
- Vitamin A supplements might also help you in recovery and treatment.
Yes, there is no specific medicine or treatment option available for the infection of measles, but it doesn’t mean that you should treat yourself at home for the condition. People with weak immune systems over pregnant women might experience more cases of measles.
Vaccine for Measles
Control and prevention of the United States just for everyone to get themselves or their kids vaccinated with the measles vaccine. As per the current guidelines, everyone is suggested to get their kid vaccinated with measles vaccines after their first birthday.
At the same time, the second door over the measles vaccine is suggested at the age of 4 to 6 years. Apart from that, healthcare experts around the nation also suggest everyone who has been infected with the virus get vaccinated with the measles vaccine within the first 72 hours.
All major pharmaceutical chains, including Walgreens, have a Facility to vaccinate everyone with the measles vaccine. You can use the buttons to create an appointment using the official website of Walgreens pharmacy.
What is the price of a measles vaccine?
The vaccine for measles is going to cost between $25 to $158, depending on the brand of the vaccine manufacturer. For example, the vaccine for Priorix is going to cost $25, while Proquad is going to cost around $155.